Galveston Bay: A Brief History of One of America’s Great Waters
By Courtney Smith
Galveston Bay is the most prominent geologic feature on the upper Texas coast. It is the state’s largest bay,
covering about 600 square miles, situated in one of its most urbanized and industrialized areas. The positioning and viability of Houston can be traced to its proximity to Galveston Bay. Beyond this, the Galveston Bay watershed—or the
area of land that drains into a given waterbody—is about 24,000 square miles, stretching from the Houston metropolitan area north along the Trinity River basin past the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex. Half the population of Texas
currently lives in the Galveston Bay watershed. Yet few know of its worth and even fewer of its rich history.